What is XAMPP

What is XAMPP

What is XAMPP Software, XAMPP is one of the widely used cross-platform web servers, which helps developers to create and test their programs on a local webserver. Apache Friends developed it, and its native source code can be revised or modified by the audience.

What is XAMPP?

XAMPP is an abbreviation where X stands for Cross-Platform, A stands for Apache, M stands for MYSQL, and the Ps stand for PHP and Perl, respectively. It is an open-source package of web solutions that includes Apache distribution for many servers and command-line executables and modules such as Apache server, MariaDB, PHP, and Perl.

It consists of Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB, and interpreter for the different programming languages like PHP and Perl. It is available in 11 languages and supported by various platforms such as the IA-32 package of Windows & x64 package of macOS and Linux.

What is xampp server

XAMPP helps a local host or server test its website and clients via computers and laptops before releasing it to the central server. It is a platform that furnishes a suitable environment to test and verify the working of projects based on Apache, Perl, MySQL database, and PHP through the host’s system.

Among these technologies, Perl is a programming language used for web development, PHP is a backend scripting language, and MariaDB is the most vividly used database developed by MySQL. A detailed description of these components is given below.

What is xampp used for

XAMPP is an abbreviation for cross-platform, Apache, MySQL, PHP, and Perl, and it allows you to build WordPress sites offline, on a local web server on your computer. This simple and lightweight solution works on Windows, Linux, and Mac – hence the “cross-platform” part.

Advantages of XAMPP: 

  • It is free and easy to use and easily available for Windows, Linux and Mac OS .
  • It is a beginners friendly solution package for full stack web development.
  • It is a open source software package which gives a easy installation experience.
  • It is very simple and lightweight to create set up for development, testing and deployment.
  • It is a time-saver and provides several ways for managing configuration changes.
  • It handles many administrative tasks like checking the status and security.

Software components of XAMPP: 

Apache plays the role of processing the HTTP request. It is the actual default web server application. It is the most popular web server maintained by Apache Software Foundation.


MySQL plays the role of the database management system in XAMPP. It helps to store and manage collected data very efficiently. It is open-source and most popular.


PHP is the server-side scripting language that stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is embedded with HTML code that interacts with the webserver. It is open-source and works well with MySQL, and has become a common choice for web developers.


Perl is the high-level programming language designed for text editing, which serves purposes like web development and network programming.

Components of XAMPP

As defined earlier, XAMPP is used to symbolize the classification of solutions for different technologies. It provides a base for testing projects based on other technologies through a personal server. XAMPP is an abbreviated form of each alphabet representing each of its major components.

This collection of software contains a web server named Apache, a database management system called MariaDB, and scripting/ programming languages such as PHP and Perl. X denotes Cross-platform, which means it can work on different platforms such as Windows, Linux, and macOS.

Many other components are also part of this collection of software and are explained below.


Different local systems have different configurations of operating systems installed in them. The cross-platform component has been included to increase the utility and audience for this package of Apache distributions. It supports various platforms such as packages of Windows, Linus, and MAC OS.


It is an HTTP cross-platform web server. It is used worldwide for delivering web content. The server application has been made accessible for installation and used for the community of developers under the aegis of the Apache Software Foundation. The remote server of Apache delivers the requested files, images, and other documents to the user.


Originally, MySQL DBMS was a part of XAMPP, but now it has been replaced by MariaDB. It is one of the most widely used relational DBMS, developed by MySQL. It offers online services of data storage, manipulation, retrieval, arrangement, and deletion.


It is the backend scripting language primarily used for web development. PHP allows users to create dynamic websites and applications. It can be installed on every platform and supports a variety of database management systems. It was implemented using C language. PHP stands for Hypertext Processor. It is said to be derived from Personal Home Page Tools, which explains its simplicity and functionality.


It is a combination of two high-level dynamic languages, namely Perl 5 and Perl 6. Perl can find solutions for problems based on system administration, web development, and networking. Perl allows its users to program dynamic web applications. It is very flexible and robust.


It is a tool used for dealing with MariaDB. Its version 4.0.4 is currently being used in XAMPP. Administration of DBMS is its primary role.


It is the open-source implementation of the Secure Socket Layer Protocol and Transport Layer Protocol. Presently version 0.9.8 is a part of XAMPP.

XAMPP Control Panel

It is a panel that helps to operate and regulate other components of the XAMPP. Version 3.2.1 is the most recent update. A detailed description of the control panel will be done in the next section of the tutorial.


It is a Web Analytics software solution used for User logs and provides details about the usage.


It is a mail transport system, and its latest version is 4.62. It is a mail server, which helps to manage the mails across the web.


Version 7.0.42 is currently being used in XAMPP. It is a servlet based on JAVA to provide JAVA functionalities.


It is a File Transfer Protocol Server, which supports and eases the transfer operations performed on files. Its recently updated version is 0.9.41.

XAMPP Format Support

XAMPP is supported in three file formats:

  • .EXE– It is an extension used to denote executable files making it accessible to install because an executable file can run on a computer as any normal program.
  • .7z – 7zip file– This extension is used to denote compressed files that support multiple data compression and encryption algorithms. It is more favored by a formalist, although it requires working with more complex files.
  • .ZIP- This extension supports lossless compression of files. A Zipped file may contain multiple compressed files. The Deflate algorithm is mainly used for the compression of files supported by this format. The .ZIP files are quite tricky to install as compared to .EXE
  • Thus .EXE is the most straightforward format to install, while the other two formats are quite complicated and complex to install.



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